SHOWCASING OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL FINDS
During the projects implemented and the excavations carried out, a large number of archaeological finds were unearthed and cared for, as they were studied, evaluated and showcased by the competent scientists.
More specifically, archaeological finds were unearthed at the locations 'Tserli' and 'Paleoskala' at collector S3 and at the location 'Tsiggenina' at collector S6.
At the location Tserli, an edifice dating back to the Hellenistic era was unearthed. It consists of twenty six (26) spaces: one large, central, perpendicular courtyard, along the south and east side of which are two longitudinal rooms, where a large number of decorated skyphos (wine-cup) fragments were found. Along the west side of the atrium of the Building, there is a double row of rooms, as well as a single row of rooms along its north side. On the NE side of the Building, there are three areas – annexes and an additional space with a tiled floor in the middle of its west side. The mobile finds of the excavation include approximately 500 fragments of decorates skyphoi (with plant decorations and depictions from the Trojan Cycle and the feats of Hercules), fragments of unpainted and black-glazed vases dating back to the 2nd century BC, two pithoi in situ, two stone presses and copper coins. Conversions were found in the Building concerning its 2nd phase of use in the late 2nd century BC. The Building is situated at the edge of a small Hellenistic-era settlement and was possibly a farmhouse.
The Prehistoric settlement at the Paleoskala location is situated in the eastern lowlands of Thessaly, at the foothills of Mount Mavrovouni and on the east shore of Lake Karla (ancient Voivis), which was drained in 1961-1962. The settlement was excavated in 2001-2002, in view of the construction of Collector S3. The settlement has a mound shape and is surrounded by stone circular fences, most of which were buttressing walls. On the interior of the external buttressing fences, a stone circular fence 1.5-2m. in width was excavated. The central section of the settlement is surrounded separately by two buttressing fences, which encompass a large stone perpendicular building, the 'Central Edifice', which was extensively converted during different eras and whose cross-section is not yet clear. South of the edifice, small, four-sided buildings were unearthed, while certain residences were spacious and exhibited individual construction phases. Another large, perpendicular building with different orientation was built on top of the 'Central Edifice' during Late Antiquity. The settlement of Paleoskala exhibits numerous periods of inhabitation and dense residential activity. According to the data available to date, it appears to have been inhabited during the Late Neolithic, Final Neolithic and Early Bronze Age.
The Middle Bronze Age settlement at the 'Tsiggenina' location lies 3km SE of the present-day village of Kanalia and was unearthed during the construction of Collector S6. More specifically, during the excavation, seven buildings were unearthed and examined; they date back to the Middle Bronze Age, i.e. the first half of the 2nd millennium BC. Most buildings were perpendicular, oriented along the E-W axis, built using stone foundations and a clay-brick superstructure, comprising independent residential units. A unique architectural model, different from the common type of settlement, is the Z-TH residential complex, which dates back to the transition between the Middle and Late Bronze Age. It is the largest unearthed at the settlement, covering a total area of approximately 280 square metres and characterised by a complex architectural form, as it is, essentially, the result of the joining of two initially independent 'megaron' buildings, one arched and one perpendicular, with the subsequent addition of a perpendicular fence to create an impressive building complex. The perpendicular building consisted of three spaces and was the main accommodation area. The entrance is on the narrow west side, creating a small antechamber. The central room is the largest and is where the fixed equipment was found; this equipment served various activities, such as the hearth, desks, stone and clay constructions, as well as most household effects. The east chamber is smaller and functioned either as a storage area for the building, as indicated by the large jars and other storage vessels, or as a 'kitchen', as hearths and food production utensils were found in some cases. Based on the finds, similar activities were carried out at the arched building to the north and the perpendicular fence to the west. The household effects, i.e. the mobile equipment found on the initial abandonment stratum of the buildings, include 30 intact vessels, another 100 sections that have been matched to specific vessels and approximately 5,000 fragments from either fine tabletop utensils for eating and drinking or from cruder utensils that were used to store or prepare food. Finally, small finds include mainly stone tools, such as hammers, beating surfaces, sickles and mortars, as well as weaving tools, such as stone and clay disks, reels and spindles.